A glimpse of a tooth abscessed

A painful tooth is caused by a dental abscess. An abscess is an infection in or around the root of the tooth, which can be painful or not. It occurs when the pulp, the soft tissue located in the root canal, dies and becomes inflamed. Learn more about the causes of a dental abscess and why it is important to treat it.
Pain relief for a dental abscess


The most common symptom of an abscess is pain in the bone around the tooth, but you may also experience pain when chewing, swollen gums or other symptoms.

Many people with an abscess tooth have trouble identifying the tooth that causes the pain, and this is not always visible on X-rays.
More symptoms include:
You may have a throbbing toothache that can radiate to your jaw, neck, or ears.Your teeth may be sensitive to hot, cold and the pressure of chewing.
You can develop a fever.You may have swelling of your face, cheeks, and lymph nodes in your jaw or neck.

Your gums may be red and swollen.

If the abscess breaks, you may feel fouled by a foul odor and a foul odor and have an open, draining sore.If left untreated, the pain can become severe, often excruciating.
The causes
Painful abscess teeth can be caused by untreated tooth decay, cracked or broken teeth or plugging, or gum infection, especially in cases of advanced gum disease. Your mouth always has bacteria, but it is kept away by the enamel of solid teeth. If tooth decay erodes this enamel or you have a cracked tooth, bacteria can enter the living pulp inside the tooth. Your immune system defends itself, sending white blood cells to kill bacteria. Pus is formed from white blood cells, dead tissue and bacteria.

There is no extra room in your hard tooth, so she tries to drain the tip of the root of the tooth into the jaw. A pocket of pus can form at the root. The abscess may appear on a dental x-ray. The pressure and inflammation of this abscess can be very painful.


At the first sign of pain from a suspected abscess tooth, call your dentist to make an emergency appointment. You must receive treatment before complications occur. Pain can relieve you if the abscess breaks, but whether or not this happens, the infection can spread to your jaw.
Your dentist will examine your teeth and locate the abscess. You may need an X-ray or even a CT scan to determine the exact location of the abscess and whether the infection has spread.


A dental abscess is usually treated by root canal therapy or endodontic surgery. The dentist removes bacteria from the empty channels of your tooth, cleans, shapes and fills the root canals and seals the space. You will return to your dentist, who will put a crown or other restoration on the tooth to protect and restore it fully. After the new restoration, the tooth will continue to function like any other tooth.

In some cases, the tooth can not be saved and your dentist will remove the infected tooth and drain the abscess to eliminate the infection. You can get antibiotics if the infection has a chance to spread or your immune system is weakened.

Pain relief for a dental abscess

A toothache caused by an abscess can come and go, but make no mistake if it fades.The longer you wait to treat the abscess, the greater the risk of serious complications. You may lose a tooth that could have been saved and you may develop an advanced infection.

But until you can go to the dentist, here are some methods to relieve toothache caused by a dental abscess or dental infection:

Avoid foods and drinks that are very cold or hot. Since the dentin layer of the tooth has probably been invaded by tooth decay, extreme temperatures can cause pain. Avoid foods such as cold drinks, fruit juices, ice creams, coffee, tea or hot soups because they can trigger exposed dentin and cause extreme pain.

Avoid foods and drinks high in sugar or very acidic. Common acid foods are soft drinks or fruit juices. These reduce the pH in the mouth and expose the tooth to additional pain due to demoralization. Teeth with dental abscesses are extremely sensitive, so avoid any change in pH.
Use an over-the-counter pain medication. Talk to your doctor or pharmacist about doses, side effects and interactions that may lead to other complications. Never go over the recommended dose and check that you are able to take painkillers with all the other medications you are currently taking. Most toothache is caused by inflammation. Therefore, the best choice is usually an analgesic that reduces inflammation. Never put pain medication on the dental or gum tissue as this may burn it.
Floss between the teeth that are painful. Eliminating food particles and plaque can help reduce the pain caused by a toothache. This may help reduce inflammation in the periodontal area, which can transmit pain to the rest of the infected tooth.

Temporarily plug a hole in the tooth. Some pharmacies have temporary over-the-counter stuffing that can be used to temporarily seal the hole created by decay or a cracked tooth.
Sleep with the head elevated. If you raise your head at rest, the pressure in the area of ​​toothache may decrease.
Rinse with warm salt water. Rinsing with warm salt water two to three times daily can help relieve toothache if the abscess is caused by gum infection. Saltwater acts as an antiseptic to remove bacteria from the infected area.

A word from Very well
As soon as you develop a toothache, consult your dentist immediately. A dental abscess will not go away alone. You will save yourself days and weeks of pain by having the problem diagnosed and treated so that you can smile again without pain.


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