Almost everyone has experienced the horror of waking up with a bright red zit. Acne is the most common skin condition, but it is usually the least serious. Others can be just as embarrassing – and some can even be fatal.
The skin being the largest organ of the body, its troubles have effects as psychological as physical.
Acne, eczema, seborrhea dermatitis, skin cancer and psoriasis are the five most common skin conditions.
Although these five people top the list, dermatologists disagree about their true prevalence rates.
Acne is a skin disorder that causes pimples when the passage that connects the pores of the skin to the sebaceous glands becomes clogged.
Acne, which appears most often on the face, neck, shoulders, chest and back, can take many forms. White dots and black dots are the best known; Nodular and cystic acne are more serious because they form deep in the skin and can cause scarring.
Eighty percent of Americans will have acne at some point in their lives and 60 percent will continue to suffer as adults.
Factors such as heredity may play a role in the development of acne, but hormones are the most important factor.
“For both men and women, the reason they peak in adolescence is that growth hormone is released at a very high frequency.” “The production really increases over the course of a day, and it’s this soaring growth hormone that explains why acne is more severe in adolescence.”
Eczema is a “pocket term” which, according to Alexiades-Armenakas, comes from the Greek word meaning “overflows”. There are three common forms of eczema:Atopic dermatitis is the most common and occurs most often in children. One to three percent of adults, compared to 10 to 20 percent of children, suffer from this long-term genetic disease, which causes itchy rashes in the elbows and knees.
– Allergic contact dermatitis begins to appear in adulthood and is caused by environmental factors such as cosmetics, perfumes and metals found in jewelry. Muscular dermatitis resembles skin patches in the form of red and scaly patches and is due to dry skin. This can be very irritating.
“In any case, you want to moisturize the skin, strengthen the skin barrier and avoid drying out the skin, and then we usually use contortionists in these conditions.”
3. Seborrhea dermatitis
Seborrhea dermatitis, which causes the development of oily and waxy spots on the scalp, is distinguished from other forms of dermatitis.
It affects 5% of the population, according to US News and World Report. It can affect babies, usually in the first six months of life, as a “cradle”, a scaly wound resembling a film on the scalp. Once the symptoms disappear, it rarely reappears until puberty.
4. Skin cancer
Skin cancer is the most common type of cancer in the United States.
According to the American Academy of Dermatology, one million people are diagnosed with skin cancer each year and one in five Americans will develop skin cancer in their lifetime.
Basal cell carcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma are the most common types of skin cancer. However, 75% of skin cancer deaths are due to melanoma, the third most common form. The damage caused by the sun is very diverse, as excessive exposure to ultraviolet radiation is a major cause and forces doctors to treat it quickly.
“More often than not, a patient will come in, the injuries that bring them to the office and their main complaint are one of two things: sun damage or hyper-pigmentation.”
Genetics play a more important role in basal cells and melanomas than in squamous cells, which are due to exposure to the sun.
Psoriasis is a chronic and disfiguring genetic disease. It is an accumulation of excess skin tissue that looks red and thick and is covered with silvery scales. It first appears on the elbows and knees, but can spread to other parts of the limbs and even to the trunk. Certain forms affect particular areas such as the hands, the scalp or the joints.
“The quality of life of patients with psoriasis is very poor because it is very obvious and makes the patient extremely self-aware.”
Although there is a wide range of skin conditions that can affect humans, treatment options for some of them, including acne, eczema and dermatitis, have improved. If you think you have any of these conditions, consult a dermatologist immediately to evaluate the treatment options.
Here are the other skin products you can take if needed: