What you need to know about periodontal disease
Dental conditions
Often taken for granted, the monotonous task of brushing and flossing every day has never been so important to avoid periodontal diseases called gum disease and the risk they pose to our lives. overall health. It has been estimated that 75% of Americans suffer from some form of gum disease, which is linked to serious health complications and causes various dental problems which, like periodontal disease, are often preventable.

What is gum disease?

Periodontal disease, also known as gum disease, is primarily caused by bacteria from plaque and tartar. Other factors that may cause gum disease may include: smoking, squeezing or cringe, certain medications, genetics.

Types of periodontal disease (gum disease) include:
Gingivitis – The initial stage of gum disease and is often undetected. This stage of the disease is reversible.
Periodontal disease – Untreated gingivitis can lead to the next phase of gum disease. With many levels of periodontal disease, the common outcome is the chronic inflammatory response, a condition when the body breaks down bones and tissues in the infected area of ​​the mouth, eventually resulting in loss of teeth and bones.
Signs of gum disease include red, bleeding and / or swollen gums, bad breath, tooth mobility, tooth sensitivity caused by receding gums, tooth abscess
Tooth loss
Recent studies suggest that periodontal diseases or gums may contribute to or be a warning sign of life-threatening diseases such as:
Heart Disease and Stroke – Studies suggest that gingivitis can increase the risk of heart disease and strokes due to high levels of bacteria in infected areas of the mouth. When the level of periodontal disease increases, the risk of cardiovascular disease can increase with it. Other studies have suggested that inflammation in the gums can create a chronic inflammatory response in other parts of the body that has also been implicated in increasing the risk of heart disease and stroke.


Diabetes – People with diabetes often suffer from some form of gum disease, probably due to high blood sugar, according to the US Center for Disease Control and Prevention. People with diabetes need to take extra care to ensure that proper brushing and flossing techniques are used to prevent the spread of gum disease. Regular examinations and cleanings with your dental hygienist must be followed.
Chronic Kidney Disease – Case Western Reserve University suggests that people without natural teeth, called toothless, are more likely to have chronic kidney disease (CKD) than people with natural teeth. CDK affects blood pressure, potentially causing heart disease, contributes to kidney failure and affects bone health.


Premature birth – Babies born prematurely (before 37 weeks of gestation) may face many health complications. Research indicates that women with periodontal disease are three to five times more likely to have a premature baby than women without any form of gum disease. Women are more likely to contract gingivitis when they are pregnant and must follow their usual brushing habits and continue cleaning and dental examinations.
Treatments for gum disease
Depending on the type of periodontal disease, the available treatment options are as follows:
Removal of plaque and tartar by means of a descaling performed by your dental hygienist or dentist.


Medications such as chlorhexidine gluconate, a mouthwash prescribed by your dentist or hygienist to help kill bacteria in your mouth, and frequent cleanings.
Surgery may be necessary in some cases to stop, stop or minimize the progression of periodontal disease. Surgery is also used to replace bones lost in advanced stages of the disease.

Prevent gum disease

The easiest way to reduce and prevent gum disease is brushing your teeth and flossing, but regular cleaning with your dental hygienist or dentist is necessary to eliminate gallstones and treat diseases. gums at an advanced stage. If you are worried about gum disease, contact your dentist.

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