A toothache is not fun at all and can even scare you when you do not know what is causing it. A toothache is described as pain, pain or pain in or around a tooth. The tooth may be sensitive to temperature, painful during chewing or biting, sensitive to sweets, or may even have sharp pain or dull pain.

Diagnose a toothache

Your dentist uses several methods to determine the cause of dental pain. First, he will ask you several questions about the types of symptoms you are experiencing. Is it sensitive to cold or heat? Does it hurt to eat? Did it wake you in the middle of the night? These questions will help your dentist identify the possible causes of your discomfort.
Your dentist may also want to have an embarrassing tooth X-ray to check for abscesses, cavities or other hidden problems. A dentist sometimes performs other tests to diagnose a toothache.

These tests include a percussion test where the dentist gently taps on the areas of the tooth or surrounding teeth to help identify the precise location of the pain. A sting pressure test, using a “stick bite” or a cotton swab applicator, can be used to determine which area of ​​the tooth is causing the pain. The cold air test uses a gentle stream of cold air blown directly over the different areas of the tooth to determine the origin of the sensitivity.
Once your dentist has diagnosed the cause of your toothache, he will explain what the problem is. It is also possible that she may prescribe medication to alleviate symptoms in the meantime. In severe pain, it is often difficult to determine the exact cause. Of course, if they are not treated, your symptoms will only get worse over time.
The most common causes of toothache
Of all the possible causes of toothache, the most common are dental caries, inflammations, abscesses, cracked or included teeth, gum disease and sensitive teeth. Sometimes the problem may not be related to your dental health. Let’s look at each of these individually.

Tooth decay

Dental caries refers to erosion and cavity formation on the outer (enamel) surface of the tooth.
When the plaque adheres to tooth enamel, it feeds on the sugars and starches contained in the food. This produces an acid that corrodes the enamel, causing holes and weak areas. When caries spreads to the middle layer of the tooth (dentine), it can create symptoms such as sensitivity to temperature and touch.

Inflammation of the dental pulp
Also known as pulpitis, this condition means that the tissue in the center of the tooth (nerve / dental pulp) has become inflamed and irritated. This inflammation causes pressure inside the tooth and puts pressure on the surrounding tissues.
The symptoms of an inflamed dental pulp can be mild to extreme, depending on the severity of the inflammation. The treatment of pulpitis is essential because the pain will only worsen with time.


A dental abscess is caused by the accumulation of bacteria in the pulp chamber that is infected. This infection then tries to drain the tip of the root of the tooth.
The pressure of the draining infection causes pain that can become severe with swelling if left untreated. Most abscesses can be seen visually on a dental x-ray.

Cracked tooth

Your teeth may be weakened over time by cocks and mastics. The force of biting on a hard object
Symptoms of a cracked tooth may include pain when biting or chewing. It can also be sensitive to hot and cold temperatures or sweet and sour foods. The treatment of this condition will depend on the location and direction of the fissure, as well as the extent of the damage.

Tooth included

Teeth can be touched when they can not move properly in the mouth through other teeth, gums or bones.
The most common teeth are wisdom because they are usually the last to burst. When the jaw can not accommodate these extra teeth, the teeth get stuck under the gumline. This impaction can create pressure, bread and even jaw bread.

Gum disease

Also known as gingivitis and periodontitis, the disease is characterized by an infection of the gums that surrounds the teeth.
This infection eventually leads to bone loss and damage. The gums come off the teeth to form pockets filled with bacteria. The roots of the teeth are then exposed to the plate and become susceptible to decay and sensitive to cold and touch.

Sensitive teeth

Sometimes you will notice that your teeth are sensitive to cold air, liquids and food. There are people who simply have what are called “sensitive teeth”. This means that your teeth may be sensitive to temperature.
Your dentist may ask you to start brushing toothpaste specifically designed for tooth sensitivity, such as Sensodyne, to relieve your symptoms. It can also apply fluoride to your teeth (especially the parts of your teeth that touch the gums).
Always tell your dentist when you have any tooth sensitivity.

Non-dental causes

Believe it or not, there are times when tooth bread or tenderness has nothing to do with your teeth.
For example, if you have a sinus infection or congestion, you may notice that your teeth are more sensitive than usual. You may even have bread or discomfort that seems to come from multiple teeth. In fact, the pain is caused by a sinus infection.
This is especially true of your upper teeth because they are located directly under your sinus cavities. Any pressure or sinus can affect these teeth.
If your dentist feels this might be a possibility, it is possible to take a decongestant to see if the symptoms are lessened or lessened.


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