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Many of the symptoms of Colo-rectal cancer can also be caused by something that is not cancer, such as an infection, hemorrhoids, irritable bowel syndrome or inflammatory bowel disease.
In most cases, people with these symptoms do not have cancer. Nevertheless, if you have any of these problems, it means that you must consult a doctor so that the cause can be found and treated, if necessary:
A change in bowel habits, such as diarrhea, constipation or stool narrowing, lasting for more than a few days
A feeling that you need to go to the saddle without relieving him
Dark stools or blood in the stool
Cramps or abdominal pain (belly)
Weakness and fatigue
Involuntary weight loss
When colorectal cancer is the cause, symptoms often only appear after the cancer has spread or spread. That’s why it’s best to have a colorectal cancer test before you get symptoms. Colorectal cancer discovered during screening – a test for people with no symptoms – is usually easier to treat. Screening can even prevent some colorectal cancers by detecting and suppressing precancerous growths called polyps.
Screening could save your life
Colorectal cancer often does not cause symptoms until it is advanced, and recent data show that the number of new cases of colorectal cancer is increasing in younger populations. That’s why the American Cancer Society recommends regular screening for colorectal cancer in people at risk starting at age 45. People with a family history of the disease or other risk factors should discuss with their doctor the possibility of starting screening at a younger age. Several different tests can be used to screen for colorectal cancer. Talk to your doctor about which tests might be right for you.
When colorectal cancer is detected early, before it spreads, the 5-year relative survival rate is 90%. This means that 9 out of 10 people with early-stage cancer survive for at least 5 years. But if the cancer has had a chance to spread outside the colon or rectum, survival rates are lower.
How do they know if it’s a cancer?
If your doctor finds anything suspicious during a screening test or if you have any of the symptoms associated with colorectal cancer, your doctor will probably recommend tests and tests to determine the cause.
Your doctor may want to take a complete medical history to check for symptoms and risk factors, including your family history. About 1 in 5 people who develop colorectal cancer have other family members – especially parents, siblings or children – who have had it. (Nevertheless, most colorectal cancers occur in people with no family history.)
Having other colon problems can also increase the risk. This includes precancerous polyps, ulcerative colitis, Crohn’s disease, and hereditary syndromes such as familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP) or hereditary non-polyposis colon cancer (HNPCC), also known as Lynch syndrome. Having type 2 diabetes can also increase the risk.
As part of a physical examination, your doctor will carefully feel your abdomen and examine the rest of your body. You may also have some blood tests to help you determine if you may have colorectal cancer.
Your doctor may also recommend other tests, such as colonoscopy or an X-ray or colon and rectum scan. If colorectal cancer is strongly suspected, a colonoscopy will be necessary and any abnormal area will be biopsied. In a biopsy, the doctor removes small pieces of tissue with a special instrument passed through the scope. The biopsy samples are then examined under a microscope to detect cancer cells.
If colorectal cancer is diagnosed, treatment depends on how quickly it is screened, but may include surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, and targeted therapies. It is important for you to be able to speak frankly and openly with your doctor and ask questions if you do not understand something. Here is a list of questions to ask your doctor that you can take with.