Dental problems are never fun, but the good news is that most of them can be easily avoided. Brushing twice a day, flossing daily, eating well and regular dental checkups are essential steps in preventing dental problems. Learning about common dental problems and their causes can also contribute greatly to prevention. Here is a list of common dental problems.
common dental problems

1. Bad breath

Bad breath, also called halitosis, can be downright embarrassing. According to dental studies, about 85% of people with persistent bad breath have a dental problem to blame.


Gum disease, cavities, cancer of the mouth, dry mouth and bacteria on the tongue are some of the dental problems that cause bad breath. Using a mouthwash to cover bad breath when a dental problem is present will only mask the smell, not heal it. If you have chronic bad breath, consult your dentist to eliminate one of these problems.

2. Degradation of teeth

Tooth decay, also known as cavities, is the second most common disease in the United States after colds. Dental caries occurs when the plaque, the sticky substance that forms on the teeth, combines with the sugars and / or starchy foods you eat. This combination produces acids that attack tooth enamel.
You can have cavities at any age – they are not reserved for children. As you age, you can develop cavities when eroding the enamel of your teeth. Dryness of the mouth due to aging or medication can also cause cavities.
The best way to prevent tooth decay is to brush your teeth twice a day, floss your teeth daily, and have regular dental checkups. Eating healthy foods and avoiding snacks and high-sugar drinks are also ways to prevent cavities. Your dentist may recommend other treatments that may reduce your risk.


3. Gum disease (periodontal)

Gum disease, also called periodontal disease, is an infection of the gums surrounding the teeth. It is also one of the leading causes of tooth loss in adults. Some studies have indicated that there may be a link between heart disease and periodontal disease.
Gum disease is a risk for everyone, but it usually happens after 30 years. Smoking is one of the most important risk factors. Diabetes and dry mouth also increase your risk. Symptoms include bad breath, red, swollen, painful or bleeding gums, sensitive teeth, and painful chewing.
The two main phases of gum disease are gingivitis and periodontitis. Regular dental checkups, brushing at least twice a day, and the use of daily dental floss play an important role in the prevention of gum disease. If you have signs of gum disease, you should consult a dentist to avoid treatment to prevent other complications, such as tooth loss.

4.Oral Cancer

Mouth cancer is a serious and deadly disease that affects millions of people. The Oral Cancer Foundation estimates that in the United States, a person dies of mouth cancer every hour, but it is often curable if diagnosed and treated at an early stage. It is most often seen in people over 40 years old.
The main risk factors are the consumption of tobacco and alcohol, including chewing tobacco. HPV – a sexually transmitted wart virus – also increases the risk.


Symptoms of cancer of the mouth or throat include sores, bumps or rough areas in the mouth. You may also have a change in your bite and difficulty chewing or moving your tongue or jaw.
Regular visits to the dentist can help you catch oral cancer early You can ask your dentist if a review of oral cancer is part of his or her usual exam. If you notice any of the symptoms or if you have difficulty chewing, swallowing, moving your tongue or jaw, consult your dentist.

5. Sores in the mouth

There are many types of wounds in the mouth and they can be bothersome and annoying. Unless a mouth sore lasts more than two weeks, there is usually nothing to worry about and will go away on its own.
The common mouth sores are mouth ulcers (mouth ulcers) that occur in the mouth and not on the lips. They are not contagious and can be triggered by many different causes. They are only a concern if they do not leave after two weeks.
Cold sores or cold sores are caused by the Herpes simplex virus and occur on the edge of the lips. They are contagious and come and go, but are not completely curable.
Mouth sore throat is also observed in oral thrush or candidiasis, a yeast infection of the mouth that can be seen in infants, prostheses, diabetics and during cancer treatment.


6. Erosion of teeth

Dental erosion is the loss of the structure of the tooth and is caused by an acid that attacks the enamel. The signs and symptoms of dental erosion can range from sensitivity to more serious problems such as cracking. Dental erosion is more common than we think, but it can also be easily avoided.

7. Sensitivity of teeth

Dental sensitivity is a common problem that affects millions of people. Basically, tooth sensitivity is the feeling of pain or discomfort due to sweets, cold air, hot drinks, cold drinks or ice cream. Some people with sensitive teeth even feel discomfort due to brushing and flossing. The good news is that sensitive teeth can be treated.
Sensitive teeth can also be a sign of a tooth crack or tooth abscess, which should be treated by your dentist to avoid losing a tooth or getting an infection of the jaw. If you suddenly develop a tooth sensitivity, make an appointment with your dentist to find out if there is a source to treat.


8. Toothache and dental emergencies

Many toothaches and dental emergencies can be easily prevented by regular visits to the dentist, but accidents can occur. Having a dental emergency can be very painful and scary. Common problems that require an urgent visit to your dentist include a broken or cracked tooth, a tooth abscess or a broken tooth as a result of an accident.
If you have a broken jaw or a broken jaw, or if you severely cut your tongue, lips or mouth, go to the hospital for trauma care. If you have a tooth abscess that is bothering you or if you have fever or swelling of the face, get emergency care.


9. attractive smile
Although technically, an unattractive smile is not a “dental problem”, it is one of the main reasons why many patients seek dental treatment.
An unattractive smile can really reduce a person’s self esteem. Fortunately, with current technologies and developments, everyone can have a beautiful smile. Whether it’s teeth whitening, dental implants, orthodontics or any other cosmetic dental work, it’s likely that your dentist can give you the smile of your dreams.

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