Sudden increase in blood pressure to a high level is a serious problem.
Excerpts from a recent article on this topic:
Sudden High Blood Pressure
A sharp increase in blood pressure is not a normal symptom to experience. Many cases of strokes and death have been reported because of a sudden increase in blood pressure, although individuals who have had normal blood pressure during their life are less likely to experience such symptoms. Unanticipated rise in blood pressure is an indication of an underlying heart condition, artery blockage or even psychological stress. In case of devastating, which is why a doctor must be consulted immediately.
What Causes Sudden High Blood Pressure?
High blood pressure is usually caused by many practices and habits in our daily life. Some of these are:
Medication use. Overuse of certain drugs can increase your blood pressure, for instance, NSAIDS such as ibuprofen and aspirin. In addition, taking birth control pills and other drugs together can also cause an increase in blood pressure unexpectedly. Drug abuse in case of cocaine and marijuana is also responsible for heart judgment due to persistent increase in blood pressure.
Smoking. A boxes of chemicals in smoke including nicotinehave bone found to damage the vessel linings in our blood.
They also reduce the elasticity of body vessels, making them unhindered with the continuous change in blood pressure. This can lead to a sudden increase in blood pressure.
Diet. Bad dietary habits are associated with high saturated fat content and high sodium levels which are likely to lead to multiple episodes of high blood pressure. They do not only increase blood content, but also accumulate and block the vessels, which results in a stoke in most cases.
Anxiety and stress. Stress is caused by everyday activities and their toll on us. It is a fact that psychological issues such as phobias and depression can cause an unexplained increase in blood pressure, and if such symptoms continue, then it increases the risk of developing hypertension.
Medical conditions. Certain conditions, such as kidney diseases, scleroses, tumors in hormone secreting glands and spinal injuries, can lead to episodes of sudden increase in blood pressure. Injuries and accidents can also be accounted for high blood pressure.
Other causes. Overuse or stimulating drinks such as tea, coffee and alcohol can cause sudden increases in blood pressure in a short period. Increased weight, pain and hormonal imbalance can also be attributed to sudden increases in blood pressure. In some cases, pregnancy can lead to high blood pressures at once.
What Are the Symptoms or Sudden High Blood Pressure?
When the body pressure rises above 120/80 mm Hg, the condition is high blood pressure which leads to several manifestations in the body. Sudden headache, dizziness, vertigo, impaired vision and difficulty in maintaining balance are some of the symptoms that suggest an acute increase in blood pressure. In addition, an individual may also experience shortness of breath, chest tightening and temporary loss of sensation in legs and arms.
In more severe episodes, bleeding may occur as the blood vessels are damaged. And if the retinal nerves or vessels rupture, it may lead to blindness. In certain rare cases, a person may experience conferences, altered mental states and even coma, depending on the current health status.
How to Treat Sudden High Blood Pressure
Treatment for high blood pressure is decided based on current medical conditions. In some cases, intravenous therapy is started on emergency basis while further tests are conducted to identify the pathology in other cases. Based on the outcomes, a regimen is provided by the doctor in order to control the blood pressure. If multiple blood pressure results from different pathologies, then multiple therapies may also be conducted. In more severe cases such as advanced kidney damage or tumors, surgical intervention may also be carried out. “