A definition of colon health

Part of the large intestine, and sometimes called the large intestine, the colon is the last area of ​​the digestive system. The colon contains four parts:

the descending colon
the ascending colon
the transverse colon
the sigmoid colon
The descending colon descends along the left abdomen, the health of the colon – the ascending colon rises the right side of the abdomen, the transverse colon passes through the abdomen, and the sigmoid colon is the short curve of the colon that lies just above the rectum.

The purpose of the colon is to prepare the elimination of waste from the body during the reabsorption of liquids. More specifically, the colon eliminates water, salt and some nutrients that eventually form stool. The muscles lining the colon press its contents and the coating of two billion bacteria that covers it contributes to the health of the body.

Colon health is negatively affected by age, family history, unhealthy diet, sedentary lifestyle, smoking and obesity. Many conditions cause bowel dysfunction, including inflammatory bowel diseases such as ulcerative colitis, Crohn’s disease, diverticulitis, irritable bowel syndrome, and colorectal cancer. The treatment of many colon-related conditions includes medications, surgery, and diet and lifestyle changes.

The link between diet and colon health

There is a strong link between diet and colon health. Dr. Joshua Melson, a gastroenterologist specializing in colorectal cancer at the Rush University Medical Center, says there is also a strong correlation between obesity and the increased risk of colon cancer. Similarly, the National Cancer Institute highlights the link between obesity and increased risk of colon cancer and highlights factors such as increased insulin levels in the blood and insulin resistance. as the reason for the increased risk in obese people.

In addition, the American Cancer Society says that the links between diet, exercise, weight and colorectal cancer are among the strongest for all types of cancer, and the Colon Cancer Foundation estimates that 50% 75% of colorectal cancers can be prevented with lifestyle changes. and a healthy diet. In short, nutrition plays an important role in the health of the colon.

Foods that promote a healthy colon

Your diet plays a key role in the health of your colon and can reduce your risk of developing gastrointestinal disorders such as constipation, diverticulosis and colon cancer. There are some methods to improve the health of the colon:

Fruits and Vegetables – Fruits and vegetables contain fiber that helps the colon diet and colon health to move. Fiber in fruits and vegetables also helps people to stool regularly and avoid constipation. Nutrients in fruits and vegetables reduce inflammation and act as antioxidants that remove harmful substances from the colon and the body as a whole. One study found that fruits and vegetables also contain folate, a vitamin B complex that can reduce the risk of colon cancer
Whole Grains – Whole grains also contain dietary fiber that reduces constipation
Fish – Studies show that eating fish reduces the risk of colon cancer, especially when you replace fish with red meat

Dairy Products – Dairy products can reduce the risk of colon cancer and gastrointestinal problems. The active bacteria found in yogurt help maintain the health of the colon and gastrointestinal tract by balancing the good bacteria that help digest food with the bad toxic bacteria. Specifically, lactobacteria and acidophiles in yogurt fight colon cancer and the calcium in milk can also reduce the risk of colon cancer.

Water – Drinking a lot of water improves the health of the colon by ensuring that the colon can absorb it into the system. Water also helps the colon by moisturizing and cleansing the entire body
The benefits of probiotics for colon health

Probiotics and other vitamin supplements promote colon health by providing beneficial bacteria and nutrients to the bowel that provide essential support for digestive health. Bacteria help the body produce vitamin B12. Yogurt, soy beverages and fermented foods like miso and kimchi also contain probiotics.

If you supplement your diet with probiotics, you should strive to take those containing 10 billion live bacteria per dose. It’s especially important to take probiotics when you take antibiotics, because they not only kill the bad bacteria that cause disease, but also the beneficial bacteria in your gut that improve the immune function and health of your digestive system. and colon.

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