The genitals are male or female reproductive organs. Since the reproductive organs are in the pelvis, “genitals” refers to the internal reproductive organs of the pelvis and the skin at the base of the pelvis, around the vagina and anus in women and around the penis and scrotum. and anus in humans.
Skin conditions that can occur anywhere, including genitals
Some skin conditions occur anywhere on the body and can simply occur on the genitals. Psoriasis and melanoma are the most serious conditions.
Other conditions can occur in different parts of the body, but usually in the genitals. These include conditions such as suppurative hidradenitis (boils in the groin and armpits) and intertrigo, a rash that usually occurs in skin folds, such as the genital area, breasts, and armpits. However, other skin conditions occur only on the genitals, such as balanitis.
Causes of genital rashes
Skin problems related to the genitals can be irritating, painful and embarrassing, but they are actually quite common. A genital rash can have different causes, ranging from sexually transmitted diseases to allergic reactions, to infections and autoimmune disorders. The most common culprits of genital rashes include:
Fungal Infections – Fungal infections tend to develop in hot, humid environments, such as the genitals, and include:
Jock itch – jock itch is a fungal infection similar to athlete’s foot. While athlete’s foot is caused by the fungus Trichophyton rubrum, jock itch is caused by Candida albicans, the same fungus that causes fungal yeast infections. Jocked eczema is diagnosed in the same way as vaginal yeast infections, by means of a KOH test.
Yeast Infection – Yeast infections are caused by a yeast-like fungus called Candida albicans. It often causes a thick discharge, similar to that of cottage cheese, and is accompanied by severe itching (and often annoying).
This happens sometimes because of yeast overgrowth associated with the use of antibiotics, a very common phenomenon in women treated with antibiotics. It can also be related to wearing clothes that trap heat and moisture in the genital area. Vaginal yeast infections usually occur in healthy women, but are more likely to occur in women with diabetes, pregnant women, and overweight women.
Rash – Rashes may be caused by irritation, yeast infections or less common causes, such as zinc deficiency or hereditary disorders.
Virus Infections – Viruses such as HPV 16 and HPV 18 (the cause of most genital warts) can also cause rashes.
Molluscum contagiousm – Molluscum contagiosum is a disease that manifests itself in multiple small, wart-like shoots. It is caused by a poxvirus, but has significant differences from chickenpox (it does not stick around the body after infection). It can be transmitted as a sexually transmitted disease, but is often found in children.
Human Papillomavirus (HPV) – There are more than 100 different strains of the HPV virus. Two strains, HPV 16 and HPV 18, are responsible for about 90% of genital warts. The virus is spread through skin-to-skin contact, often sexually. New immunizations against HPV may confer immunity.
Autoimmune Disorders – A number of allergies and autoimmune disorders can lead to genital rash.
Psoriasis – Psoriasis is a common skin condition affecting about 2% of the population.
Reactive Arthritis – Reactive arthritis or Reiter’s syndrome is an autoimmune reaction to an infection in the body.
Atopic dermatitis – Allergic dermatitis or atopic dermatitis results from an allergy to a substance that comes into contact with the skin.
Parasitic Infections – Genital rashes can be caused by parasitic infections, including:
Pubic Lice – Pubic lice or crabs often appear in pubic hair as a sexually transmitted disease. They can, however, appear in the hairs of other parts of the body, even at the level of the eyelashes.
Scabies – Scabies is an extremely itchy rash that can occur anywhere on the body, but tends to spoil the face. These photos show examples of rash.
Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs) – STDs can also cause genital rashes. These infections occur more often in people who do not practice safer sex or who have multiple sexual partners, but can occur in people who have had sex only once or with skin-to-skin contact without penetration. .
Genital Herpes – Genital herpes can cause painful genital lesions, although many infected people have never noticed symptoms.
Syphilis – Syphilis is a sexually transmitted disease that manifests itself in stages. In the first stage, an open wound can occur on the genitals. This sore or rash is often painless and, if left unchecked, can progress to advanced stages of the disease.
Common genital disorders of the skin
A certain level of skin-related immunodeficiency is usually the cause of a genital skin disorder. In many cases, proper diagnosis and treatment correct immune dysfunction and strengthen the skin barrier to prevent future infections.
Common genital skin problems in women
Some of the most common genital skin problems in women include:Contact dermatitis is a very common skin condition. Contact dermatitis is caused by many factors, including dry weather, soap scents and other body care products, laundry detergent and fabric softener residues, rubber bands and latex.
Human papillomavirus (HPV) is a genital infection caused by an HPV particle that compromises the protective barrier of the skin. Genital warts are caused by a strain of HPV that is different from that causing cervical cancer, but it is common for people to contract infections with more than one form of HPV.
Lichen planus is a skin disorder that causes increased production of vaginal discharge and white blood cells. When an eruption is present, it often appears as clumps of purplish appearance.
Sclerosing lichen is a condition characterized by persistent vaginal itching, making the patient more vulnerable to yeast infections and squamous cell cancer of the vulva.
Vaginal yeast infections often occur at the same time as chronic vulvar eczema. Yeast organisms release proteins that cause an allergic reaction and create an environment conducive to infection.
Common genital skin problems in men
Common genital skin problems in men include:
Balanitis is an inflammation that affects the head of the penis and / or the foreskin. It is more common among uncircumcised men and affects about one in ten uncircumcised men. The term balanitis is a symptom rather than the name of a specific disease, as balanitis can be caused by many conditions, including contact or allergic dermatitis, poor hygiene, yeast infections or STDs, including gonorrhea. , chlamydia and syphilis.
Symptoms include local redness, a common orange or yellow appearance, painful urination, and foul discharge. Complications can range from scarring to an increased risk of penile cancer.
Contact dermatitis is caused by external triggers such as perfumes for body care products, synthetic fabrics, laundry detergents and latex products such as condoms.
Intertrigo is a yeast infection caused by the presence of yeast organisms that thrive in hot, humid environments, including in the genital area. It usually occurs in the folds of the skin, such as underarms, genitals, under the breasts and in the big folds.
Treat the genital affections of the skin
The treatment of genital rashes depends on the cause. In many cases, a genital rash causes itching that can be treated with an over-the-counter cream, such as hydrocortisone. A doctor may also prescribe a cream that soothes the itch while treating the underlying cause.
Sexually transmitted infections such as syphilis are treated with antibiotics and genital warts at prescribed medications. Genital herpes, however, can not be cured, but rather controlled with medication. Lice can be eradicated with medicated shampoos or body cleansers, and scabies is treated with medicated creams.
For those who have had skin problems due to sexually transmitted diseases, regular physical exams and smears are recommended. Infections causing genital warts or syphilis do not cause cancer, but it is common for people infected with one type of STD to become infected with other forms, such as other strains of HPV that can cause cancer. collar or penis.
Talk to your doctor about genital skin problems
Although it may be embarrassing to make an appointment with your doctor, this can be very important. Some of these conditions may worsen and cause permanent changes to the skin if not treated properly. Some may even lead to cancer.
Even less serious conditions, such as eczema, need to be treated. Although these conditions may seem more troublesome, chronic use of creams such as hydrocortisone may cause thinning of the skin, which may result in increased risk of genital skin problems.